Sports are a good way to keep your body healthy – they allow you to exercise whilst having fun at the same time. However, improper practice techniques as well as accidents can result in injuries. Below are the most common types of injuries athletes suffer from:
• Sprains and strains – the most common reason behind a visit to the sports surgeon are soft-tissue injuries such as sprains and strains. A sprain is when a sudden twist of the limb can cause its ligaments to wrench and get injured, whereas a strain is when a muscle or tissue is overused to the point it swells and becomes painful. Visit this page if you are looking for knee replacement surgery Sydney.
• Fractures – fractures are what are usually called as ‘broken bones’. They are often the result of trauma, but can also be the result of overuse. In the case of trauma, accidents often result in sudden fractures, whereas in the case of fractures from overuse, smaller cracks that appear gradually connect to create a fracture (i.e. running or jumping activities can increase stress on the legs from the impact). Fractures are serious injuries and most often than not, require surgeries to heal, as well as long periods of rest.
• Knee injuries – knee injuries are one of the most common reasons behind visits to orthopaedic surgeons in Sydney – around five million people in the world visit the orthopaedist over knee-related injuries annually. Knee injuries can take various forms: fractures, dislocations, anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL), posterior cruciate ligaments (PCL), tendon tears, meniscal tears, etc. Knee injuries can also result in knee replacement surgeries – the frequency of knee injuries makes these surgeries quite common.
• Dislocations – also called a luxation, dislocations can be simply explained as joints becoming misaligned from a sudden force or pressure. Just like fractures, dislocations are also a serious issue and need to be treated as emergencies; however, they can only result from trauma, but not overuse (but overuse can increase the probability of dislocations happening, obviously).
• Shin splints – shin splints are painful inflammations of the shins; they are very common in sports that require running and hence runners, football players, basketball players, etc. are more at risk to this type of injury. They can also occur when athletes fail to warm up properly prior to sports activities, use improper running shoes (i.e. they do not have enough support) or running techniques, or have flat feet. Runners running on hard surfaces have also been found to be more at risk of shin splints.
• Tennis elbow – tennis elbow (its official name is epicondylitis) derives its name from the fact that the injury is quite common in people playing tennis. This occurs when tiny tears appear in the elbow’s tendons; extensive use of the elbow results in this condition (hence why tennis players are more prone to getting this type of injury). Golf players are also at risk of getting tennis elbows. The injury is not very serious, and can improve simply by taking a good rest from sports activities.